Swachh Bharat Mission Toilet
With the goal of making India open-defecation free by 2019, the NDA government launched the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) programme in 2014.
Under the programme, people living below and above poverty line can avail reimbursement for constructing toilets at household level. The programme has given a huge impetus to nationwide toilet building exercise.
The SBA, currently, operates under a reimbursement model, where the households are expected to build the toilets from their own funds and then, upon producing the required documents, they are reimbursed Rs 12,000- Rs 15,000.
Despite the SBA subsidies easing the process of household toilet construction, BPL households are faced with significant barriers.
Under the mission, all villages, Gram Panchayats, Districts, States and Union Territories in India declared themselves "open-defecation free" (ODF) by 2 October 2019, the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, by constructing over 100 million toilets in rural India.
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