Jan Aushadi Yojana
With a view to achieve the objective of making available
quality generic medicines at affordable prices to all, „Jan Aushadhi Scheme‟
was launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals &
Fertilizers, and Government of India in November, 2008 across the country. The
Scheme is being implemented through the Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI),
under the administrative control of the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry
of Chemicals & Fertilizers, and Government of India.
In September 2015, the „Jan Aushadhi Scheme‟ was revamped as
„Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana‟ (PMJAY). In November, 2016, to give
further impetus to the scheme, it was again renamed as “Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya
Janaushadhi Pariyojana” (PMBJP).Accordingly, 'ensuring availability of quality
medicines at affordable prices to all', has been a key objective of the
The Salient features of the Jan Aushadhi Scheme are:
i. Making quality medicines available at affordable prices
for all, particularly for the the poor and disadvantaged, through specialized
outlets called the Jan Aushadhi Stores (JAS).
ii. Provision of built up space for JAS in district
hospitals by the State Governments
iii. Operation of JAS by the State Government nominated
Operating Agencies like NGOs, Charitable Organizations and public societies
like the Red Cross Society and Rogi Kalyan Samitis, constituted for the purpose
iv. Meeting the operational expenditure from the trade
margins admissible for the medicines.
v. Supply of the generic medicines in the first instance by
the Central Pharma PSUs so as to ensure both quality and timely supply.
However, wherever required, medicines could be sourced from quality small and
medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) units.
vi. To ensure prescription of generic medicines by the
Government doctors with proactive support from the State Governments. The Key
objectives of Jan Aushadhi Scheme are:
i. To make quality the hallmark of medicines by ensuring
supplies from the Central Public Sector Undertaking (CPSUs) and also through
other Public Sector Undertaking (PSUs) and Good manufacturing practices (GMP) compliant
manufacturers in the private sector.
ii. Extend coverage of quality generic medicines, which
would reduce and thereby redefine the unit cost of treatment per person.
iii. Provide access to any prescription drug or Over the
Counter (OTC) drug in all therapeutic categories as generic equivalents, which
is not to be restricted to the beneficiaries of Public Health System alone but
also to serve others.
iv. Create awareness through education and publicity that
quality is not synonymous with high price
v. Create a demand for generic medicines “By All for All” by
improving access to better healthcare through low treatment costs.
vi. Involve State governments, Central Government, Public
Sector Enterprises, and Private Sector, NGOs, Cooperative bodies and other
institutions since it is a public welfare programme.
vii. Develop a model which can be replicated in other
countries of the world, in pursuit of their common goal of achieving affordable
quality health care.
Benefits of the Jan Aushadhi Scheme Campaign
The Jan Aushadhi initiative makes available quality drugs at
affordable prices through dedicated stores selling generic medicines which are
available at lesser prices but are equivalent in quality and efficacy as
expensive branded drugs. Some comparative advantages are:
i. Promote greater awareness about cost-effective drugs and
ii. Make available unbranded quality generic medicines at affordable
prices through public-private partnership.
iii. Encourage doctors, more specifically in government
hospitals, to prescribe generic medicines.
iv. Enable substantial savings in health care, more
particularly in the case of poor patients, and those suffering from chronic
ailments, requiring long periods of drug use.
GOVERNMENT ACTION AND ACHIEVEMENT OF THE SCHEME
At present 1253 Jan Aushadhi Stores/ Kendras have been
opened across the country which are covering 29 States/UTs and 419 Districts
till 30th April, 2017 (provided in Annexure I & II).
For opening PMBJP2 Kendras in Government Hospitals / Medical
College premises, one-time financial assistance up to Rs. 2.50 lakh is provided
as per the details given below:
(i) Rs. 1 lakh reimbursement of furniture and fixtures.
(ii) Rs. 1 lakh by way of free medicines in the beginning.
(iii) Rs. 0.50 lakh as reimbursement for computer, internet,
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